Taking Care Of And Buying Roses
The rose in its history has conjured up, and still does, not just images but feelings and that's truly powerful. So it's no wonder that you and I find caring for roses so compelling. So here's exactly what you need to know to become a rose caring expert.
You can make rose growing as easy or as difficult as you like, this story will show you exactly what I mean. I was first bitten by the, ‘rose bug', when I moved into my house. The garden was a jungle and I had to hire commercial equipment just to clear it! My grandma came round at my request to help me plan it all out, she went crazy! I was merrily destroying a wild rose bush; what a dumbass, I hadn't got a clue!
That's how easy it can be to grow outdoor roses, if you pick the right one they'll grow on their own. So that's you're starting point.
Choosing your rose:
Where you live and choosing the right rose for your location is paramount, local trusted nurseries are a great place to start if you follow this simple piece of advice; ask them if their roses are grown locally. If they are then they should have no problem being transplanted into your garden as many of the conditions where they grew up will be the same.
Do ask what watering and feeding regime they've used because you will need to copy this initially until you've established how you want to train the rose to your specific requirements. Finally when choosing, if they're in a pot and their roots are coming through the holes in the bottom this is a good sign, they've not been trimmed to fit the pot and they'll have a healthy root system.
It's also easier and cheaper to buy a, ‘bareroot', plant. This is a rose that will just be a stem and roots, they can be completely bare or sometimes packed in straw or very loose mulch in bags or pots. The alternative is a potted rose that's already got leaves or even blooms; these are more suited to keeping in a pot and mainly indoors. Trying to transplant these into your garden is difficult as they've already put all their energy into growing their leaves and flowers. If you transplant it into the ground they'll have less energy for growing good, deep roots which is the ideal.
There are far too many varieties of rose to explore here but it is safe to say that buying an, ‘own root', rose has to be the easiest option. ‘Own root', simply means it has been grown from a cutting and not ‘grafted'. A ‘Grafted', rose is one that will have the rootstock of one plant and the top growth of another. ‘Own root', roses have many advantages; they survive winters better, they tend to live longer, they are usually less prone to, ‘mosaic virus', a common rose disease. So, overall they're simply a much hardier beast.
About the Author
I'm Mary Longbridge and I've been caring for all kinds of roses for longer than my vanity will allow me to admit. To learn more very effective information about taking care of roses and more; visit http://www.rosestogrow.com. I am a contributing writer and on the website I will be happy to share my knowledge with you
wild rose @ clearwater 2008
What You Don't Know About Roses
The history of cultivated roses goes back thousands of years. According to fossil evidence, rose plants have existed for approximately 35 million years old. The genus Rosa has some 150 species spread throughout the world.
Wild roses are hardy and adaptable plants which grow in conditions ranging from swampy to arid, and can tolerate extreme climates of the northern hemisphere. Alberta, a province of Canada where winter temperatures often reach -40 degrees, has as its provincial flower the wild rose, a small wild variety with dark pink blossoms and a delicate scent.
Domestic cultivation of roses began more than 5,000 years ago in China. Wreaths of Damask-like roses have been found in Egyptian tombs. Frescoes of the Minoan Crete culture show roses. Roses were cultivated extensively in the Middle East during Roman times, their petals used as confetti at celebrations, for medicinal purposes and perfume. Roman nobility kept large public rose gardens in the south of Rome, where they used hot-houses to "force" roses into bloom at desired times, and they also imported roses from Egypt. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the cultivation of roses spread throughout Europe.
European roses are classified as Albas, Centifolias, Damasks, Damask Perpetuals, Gallicas, and Mosses. Mainstream Oriental roses are Chinas and Tea Roses. The European varieties, with the exception of the Damask Perpetuals, have one season of bloom per year, while the Orientals bloom more or less continuously.
England is the country most associated with rose cultivation. The damp, mild climate combined with the perenially cloudy weather produces the best color in roses, which tend to have "bleached"colors in bright sunlight. Beautiful English women are often described as English roses.
Roses feature extensively in British historical symbolism, and many family coats of arms feature roses. In heraldry, the rose is the symbol of the seventh son, hope and joy. A red rose symbolizes grace nd beauty, a white rose, hope and faith.
In the Middle Ages, roses retained their use in both public and religious festivals, and were also kept in medicinal gardens. Their use in herbology as well as a demand for their fragance led to a cottage industry of rose-essence distillation, which still has economic importance in some areas of Europe such as Bulgaria.
The fifteenth century "War of the Roses" was so named because the York and Lancaster factions were symbolized by white and red roses respectively.
During the sixteenth century, roses and rose water were valued so highly that they were used as barter for goods.
With the rise of mercantilism during the Renaissance, horticultural commerce flourished. Due to their fleet of trading ships, the Dutch were leaders in the trade of tulips, hyacinths, carnations and of course roses.
The eighteenth century also saw a great advance in rose cultivation: the widespread growing of roses from seed rather than just the propagation of cuttings. The varieties of roses available quickly expanded from just a few dozen to one or two hundred. Also, a whole new group, the Centifolias, was created by Dutch plant breeders.
In the 1800's, Napoleon's wife Josephine kept a large rose garden at Chateau de Malmaison, an estate seven miles west of Paris. The botanical illustrator Pierre Joseph Redoute used this garden as the setting for his famous 1824 watercolor botanical painting collection "Les Roses". Josephine also provided imperial patronage to several French rose breeders, notably Dupont and Descemet, who developed hundreds of new cultivars out of the European rose groups.
The large, spectacular roses seen at flower shows today are derived from cultivars introduced from China to Europe in the eighteenth century. These plants were continuous bloomers, making them unsual and of great value to plant hybridizers. These roses were interbred with existing European roses to produce plants with both hardiness and long flowering season.
In the 1830's, horticulturists experimented intensely with interbreeding Oriental and European roses. Due to the fact that the trait of repeat-blooming is recessive, the first generation of progeny between single-bloom and repeat-bloom roses are all single-blooming. However, as these are crossed with each other and back to the original Orientals and Europeans, repeat-blooming hybrids emerge. By the 1840's numerous new varieties had been created, called "Hybrid Perpetuals" for their perpetual blooming. These cultivars came in all colors and forms, were all at least somewhat reblooming, and hardy enough to withstand the northern European climate. Interest in the original varieties of roses waned, except as a sentimental interest to heirloom rose fanciers. The gaudy new artificial hybrids are now held up as the flower-show standard of what a rose should look like.
About the Author
Do you know where I can find "To a Wild Rose"?
I used to have sheet music to "To a Wild Rose" by Edward MacDowell but I can't find it. I have tried looking for it online, but everywhere I look its a MUCH simpler version of the piece. Even the more advanced versions are not it.
The piece I'm looking for is about three pages long, has your main simple melody line played once, the bridge part, everything repeated only more advanced sounding and intricate, then your simple version again with the ending.
Does anyone know where I can find that?
It's a composition by Edward MacDowell, my favorite composer from his piece "Woodland Sketches"
Here's a link to the specific movement:http://imslp.info/files/imglnks/usimg/1/15/IMSLP22876-PMLP08342-MacDowell_-_To_a_Wild_Rose_Op51_No1_cello_piano.pdf
I'd also recommend looking at some of the other pieces in Woodland Sketches. Some of theme are similar in the sentimentality found in "To A Wild Rose".
EDIT: It's not a very hard piece to begin with, so the version you have may be correct.
To a Wild Rose by Macdowell